Pakistan's Education Crisis

Pakistan today faces an education crisis of unprecedented proportions.

  • There are 22.6 million boys and girls out of school—that’s nearly half (44%) of all children in the country.
  • Of those children who do go to school, the vast majority receive an education of poor quality.
  • 43% of government schools are in a dangerous or dilapidated condition and lack basic facilities such as furniture, bathrooms, boundary walls, electricity and running water.
  • 21% government primary schools are operating with single teacher and 14% with single classroom. 
  • Corporal punishment is widespread and remains unchecked.
  • Budget allocations for education are insufficient and funds that are available are not spent effectively.

Under the Constitution of Pakistan, Article 25-A, it is the responsibility of the state to provide free and compulsory education to every child between the ages of 5 and 16.

To learn more about the education crisis download our fact sheets and infographics.

To compare the state of education in various provinces and territories, see the Pakistan District Education Rankings and heat maps, and the Pakistan Education Data Platform.

Explore other resources and publications on the state of education in Pakistan.