Alif Ailaan's Analysis of the 2013-14 Budget for Education
10 July, 2013
Increasing government spending on education in Pakistan has been a long-standing demand of citizens, civil society and academics. In the run-up to the May 2013 general elections, political parties began to address these demands by promising to increase financial allocations for education. Every major political party committed to raise the share of education to at least 4% of GDP (this is the global standard to which most countries have committed, and most have lived up to).
To assess whether this commitment was reflected in the budget announced last month, Alif Ailaan carried out a detailed analysis of the federal and provincial budgets for the fiscal year 2013-14. We found that while allocations for education were increased both at the federal level and in each of the provinces, much remains to be done and the conversation needs to go deeper than simply increasing allocations. The PML(N), PTI, PPP, Awami National Party and all other parties in power directly, or in coalition, have made many promises related to education, and the modest increases in allocation will not go nearly far enough to help keep those important promises.
The federal and provincial governments need to pay attention not only to finding more money for education but to improving how the money is spent. An overwhelming share of public expenditure on education is devoted to teachers’ salaries and other recurring expenses, with little left over for investing in new capacity.
Click here to view the report.