Parachinar tense after killing of protesters
The educational institutions and bazaars remained closed in Parachinar on Thursday following the killing of three protesters in Kurram Agency the other day while Majlis Wahdat-e-Muslimeen demanded judicial probe into the incident. Local sources said that efforts were underway to ease tension in the tribal region.
Same syllabus in all private institutes
Minister of Primary and Secondary Education Mohammad Atif khan said that KPK government will set a new legislation for feasible fees structure and equal syllabus and books in Private Institutes.
UoP Journalism Department launches website
The department of journalism and mass communication, University of Peshawar has launched its first ever website, providing a platform for local and amateur journalists to promote development journalism in the region.
Girls protest closure of Gahlanai School
Students of the Government Girls Higher Secondary School, Ghalanai, on Thursday protested the closure of their educational institution for the last one month. The protesters marched from their school to the Mohmand Press Club after passing through Gahlanai Bazaar.
School to be named after girl set ablaze in Galiyat
A higher secondary school will be established in Makol Paeyen village, Galiyat and named after Ambreen Bibi, the teenage girl who was set ablaze on a Jirga’s orders in.
Second Convocation: 206 Khyber Medical University Graduates awarded degrees
At least 206 graduates were awarded degrees at the second convocation of Khyber Medical University (KMU) on Thursday. The event was held at the varsity’s auditorium. The event was attended by health professionals, faculty members, parents and students. Speaking on the occasion, Governor Iqbal Zafar Jhagra said a university is entrusted with the responsibility of creating and disseminating knowledge.
Jhagra for steps to promote quality health education
Governor Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Engr. Iqbal Zafar Jhagra has said efforts are being made to promote quality in health education and research adding that Higher Education Institutions should focus on research.
Evening shift of technical college will not be finished
Central information secretary of Baloch Students organization Nasir Baloch said that hundreds of students are enrolled under self-finance evening shift in Government College of Technology Quetta. But some forces are trying to put the future of students in dark.
Stability of Pakistan is connected with stability of Madrasas
Ameen Maulana Abdul Qadir of Islamic Federation Ulema has said in conference that stability of madrasas is actually the stability of Pakistan. He told that Islamic Federation Ulema is always worked for the Stability and security of Deeni Madrasas.
Baligh lauds services of Korean Ambassador
Minister of State for Education and Professional Training Baligh-ur-Rehman Thursday lauded the period of service of Ambassador of Korea Jong Hwan Song in Pakistan. The Korean Ambassador called on Minister, said a press release issue here. Korean Ambassador Jong Hwan Song is getting retired this May, after serving for three years in Pakistan as an ambassador of Korea to Pakistan, a press release said here.
Teachers want hiring allowance in salaries. Due to the complicated process of the disbursement of hiring allowances, employees of Islamabad’s educational institutions have been demanding that the federal government make the hiring allowance a part of their salaries, which has not yet been done.
Complete Story: http://www.dawn.com/news/1258073/education-watch
Millennials Celebrate Portuguese week
A Portuguese movie show was organised at 'The Millennium University College (TMUC)', for the International Baccalaureate Middle Years Programme learners from Roots Millennium Schools (RMS), One World Campus, says a press release.
Conducive learning environment is unique approach to education: Khadija
Creating an ideal blend of academic and non-academic learning activities for students, and providing them a conducive, open and dynamic learning environment has been the Roots IVY unique approach to education for the last 28 years now.
Sports Festival in Grafton College Islamabad
A sports festival was held at Grafton College Islamabad. The festival had the theme “A Sound Mind in a Sound Body”. Different indoor and outdoor sports were part of the festival. The students participated with zeal and zest.
CECOS committed to provide high quality education services of international standards
Professor Dr. Riaz A. Khattak is serving the university as a vice chancellor since 2012. During his tenure, CECOS has made an outstanding progress and has secured a unique place and international reputation through his ability to combine excellence, creativity & intellectual rigor with agility, professionalism & sustainability.
Hungary's Rubik's Cube Champion dazzles students
Hunor Bozsing says he got lucky eight years ago: searching for an old toy in his house in Budapest, instead he stumbled across a Rubik's Cube - a twist of fate that launched him to international fame.
Chinese student killed in train incident
A Chinese student was killed while his fellow sustained critical injuries after being hit by a train near the Islamic International University Islamabad (IIUI) on yesterday. The deceased and the injured were rushed to the Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences (PIMS) where they identified as Ma Shoi-E (Arabic name Bahuddin) and injured as Maose.
Chairman BISE inspects HSSC Exam Centre’s
Chairman, Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education (BISE) Rawalpindi, Dr. Muhammad Zareef Thursday visited different Higher Secondary School Certificate (HSSC), Inter exam centers set up in different schools of Tehsil Gujar Khan. He said, all available resources are being mobilized for making the examination process transparent. The Chairman inspected the arrangements and inquired from the students, who expressed satisfaction on the arrangements.
Showcase notice to 25 institutes
E.D education has issued show case notice to the leaders, teachers of related subjects and class in charge of Public School for showing faulty performance in Punjab examinations.
Complete Story: http://e.jang.com.pk/05-13-2016/Lahore/pic.asp?picname=04_11.gif
Resources will be provided for the provision of education
Prime Minister Punjab shehbaz Shareef said that speedy progress is only possible through education and we will provide every resource for the provision of education. They only possible solution to combat problems like unemployment, terrorism and illiteracy is education.
Education is the fundamental right of every woman
Nabeera Andleeb said that education is the fundamental right of women and she cannot be deprived of it Educated women are responsible for the development and prosperity. Women must contribute their part in bringing positive change in the society.
Road Map Program for speeding the education programs
Provincial Education Minister Rana Mashood Ahmad Khan said that selected representative must become the part of the Prime minister road map program to accelerate the process of education.
GCUF withdraws students ‘dress code circular’
The Government College University Faisalabad (GCUF) administration on Thursday withdrew a circular asking the students to wear appropriate dress conforming to “religious norms and social values”. VC Dr Muhammad Ali, denying he signed the circular, has issued a warning to Students Affairs Director Nadeem Sohail, for allegedly misusing his name in this connection.
Medicine Management in Teaching Hospitals
Medicine Management System is being introduced in all teaching hospitals of Punjab through which matters related to procurement of medicines, quality check and prescription would be monitored. Clinical pharmacists would also be appointed in the teaching hospitals.
Training Courses based on competency
Punjab Labour Minister and Chairman Skill Development Committee Raja Ashfaq Sarwar Thursday launched the initiation of Competency Based Training (CBT), a new approach to produce skilled workforce, from 60 vocational training institutes of the Punjab Vocational Training Council (PVTC).
Capacity-Building short courses for officers
The Punjab government is committed to enhancing the skills and knowledge of government officers working in the province. In order to build the capacity of the government officers, Punjab Planning and Development Department intends to hold series of short training programmes by top institutes in key areas, including procurement, project management and monitoring and evaluation.
PU ranked 2nd best University in Pakistan
World-class publishers of high impact scientific and medical information in print and online have issued its ranking of Pakistani universities in terms of research publications in the field of natural sciences and have ranked Punjab University 2nd best University in Pakistan.
OPC Internship Programme for PU students
The Overseas Pakistanis Commission (OPC), Punjab will provide internship facilities to the students of Institute of Communication Studies (ICS), Punjab University. The students would be deputed to guide and facilitate overseas Pakistani at airports.
Four inter exam candidates caught using unfair means
Four candidates were caught cheating during the papers of Islamic Studies (Elective), Principal of Accounting and Special Military Studies of Intermediate Part-II Annual Examinations 2016 on Thursday.
Nurses, Midwives Day
A private college of nursing celebrated International Nurses and Midwives Day 2016 on Thursday with a ceremony that highlighted the service nurses provide across the globe. According to a press release issued here, the day is celebrated worldwide since 1965. This year’s theme is Nurses: a force for change: improving health systems' resilience.
Complete Story: http://www.thenews.com.pk/print/119539-Nurses-Midwives-Day
Workshop on photography today
A one day workshop will be held today in the University of Central Punjab. The workshop is organized by the School of Media and Communication Studies of the University of Central Punjab. The workshop will be presided over by the pro-rector.
Cases on 45 candidates
Cases have been registered against 45 candidates appearing in the intermediate examinations. The chairman has also ordered to register cases against the candidates who are found with a mobile phone.
Summary sent for removal of ban on postings
The summary has been sent to the chief minister who has asked for the removal of the ban from the postings of the teachers. The education department has stated that the teachers would be posted according to merit and the annual performance.
Teachers March till Punjab Assembly
The teachers protested and marched to the Punjab Assembly for the demanded to increase their pay. The teachers also protested against the privatization of the schools. The teachers also presented a charter of demand.
Prize distribution ceremony in Government College
The prize distribution ceremony was held at the Government Post Graduate College for Women Satellite Town Rawalpindi. Prizes and medals were distributed among students who excelled during the last five years.
Construction charges on students
The construction charges of four rooms in ASF School were put on the students of the school. 1500 students are registered in the school. Rs. 4000 extra were charged from the students in addition to the monthly fees.
Teachers present 4 point cod
The teachers met the EDO Education Qazi Zahoor ul Haq and presented their charter of demand to the EDO. The CoD consisted of four points agreed upon by the Punjab SES Teachers Association.
Enabling effort: TEVTA starts training juvenile prisoners
Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority (TEVTA) on Thursday launched a technical education programme in various trades for youth confined in prisons. TEVTA Board of Management President Suhail bin Rashid told newsmen during a visit to the TEVTA Centre set up at Borstal Jail in Faisalabad that the authority was offering education in computer applications, motor winding, motorcycle mechanics and welding. He said tailoring courses would be launched soon.
Urban needs: Horticulture training institute planned
The government will establish a horticulture training institute in the City in a bid to overcome shortage of trained horticulturists, floriculturists and landscaping experts. Parks and Horticulture Authority (PHA) Director General Mian Shakeel Ahmad told The Express Tribune on Thursday that horticulture authorities had been established in most cities of the province.
‘Only education can help achieve target of rapid development’
Punjab Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif has said that the target of rapid development could only be achieved through promotion of education. While talking to elected representatives on Tuesday, he said that education is the only way to cope with the challenges like poverty, unemployment and ignorance faced by the country.
UMT to resolve all issues pertaining to students
The spokesman of University of Management and Technology (UMT) has said on Thursday that the varsity would seriously take up the matter of problems being faced by the students, highlighted by a section of news published in Daily Times.
CBT launched to produce skilled workforce
Minister for Labour & Chairman Skill Development Committee Raja Ashfaq Sarwar yesterday formally launched the initiation of Competency Based Training (CBT), a new approach to produce skilled workforce, from 60 vocational training institutes of the Punjab Vocational Training Council.
PIFD becomes full member of Cumulus
Pakistan Institute of Fashion and Design yesterday announced of becoming a full member of Cumulus, the International Association of Universities and Colleges of Art and Design. During a press briefing yesterday, PIFD Vice Chancellor Prof Hina Tayyaba said the membership was awarded in the conference held at Nottingham, UK.
Teachers out against privatisation of schools
The Punjab Teachers’ Union (PTU) staged a protest rally on Thursday against government’s decision to hand over 5,500 educational institutions to the Punjab Education Foundation (PEF) and Danish Schools Authority. Addressing the protesting teachers, PTU leaders said that the provincial government was not fixing the broken education system nor was it addressing the grievances of teachers.
Skill lab in Jinnah Medical University
Skill lab has been opened in in institute of Public health of Jinnah Sindh Medical University. Government of Sindh always support such programs said Iqbal Durrani.
Intermediate exams of first year are over
Exams of class 11th have been finished and 12th exams of Hyderabad board will finish today. Sixteen students were caught while cheating in 11th exam.
Teachers announce boycott of Semester Exams
The teachers of Karachi University have announced to boycott the semester exams. The teachers stated that Sindh government did not help out the family of Waheed-ur-Rehman despite its promises. Dr. Waheed-ur-Rehman was martyred an year ago.
Wafaaq-ul-Madaaris exams end
The examinations of Wafaaq ul Madaaris ended. Around 0.22 million students took the examination. There were 1775 examination centers in the country. 10670 teachers performed the duties of invigilation.
Bio-metric attendance report is ready
The biometric report of the attendance of the teachers has been prepared. According to the report, 5939 teachers were found absent on a regular basis. The education department declared 1085 teachers as escapes.
Biometric report, 5936 teachers absent from school
Provincial Educational Department issued bio metric report of teachers attendance last month, 5936 teachers were absent in the province, according to the bio-metric attendance Education 1085 Teacher salaries have been freeze by declaring them fugitive.
How a student of elite institutions turned to terrorism, JIT reveals
Saad Aziz, who was awarded death sentence by the military court for his involvement in the Safoora Goth bus carnage and murder of prominent human rights activist Sabeen Mahmud and other cases on Thursday, had told Joint Investigation Team (JIT) members that they were ‘inspired’ by the sectarian conflict in Yemen, it emerged on Thursday.
Rule violation: FAPUASA demand removal of Medical University Pro-VC
Pointing out violations of appointment rules, the Federation of All Pakistan Universities Academic Staff Association (Fapuasa) has demanded the removal of a pro-vice chancellor of a government medical university.
It was enlightenment and awareness of fundamental rights that resulted in the spread of democracy through every nook and corner of the world. Democracy needs literacy. Although Pakistan is a democratic country, it has failed to reap the fruits of true democracy because of the poor literacy rate in the country. Today, illiteracy is thought to be the main cause behind the present economic, social and political problem of the country. We lag behind almost all important counties of the region in the field of education.
Complete Story: http://www.thenews.com.pk/print/119578-Literate-democracy
Research labs in Agri Dept. become victim of neglect
Incompetent authorities have failed to run pesticide and fertilizer quality control testing laboratories despite the fact that hundreds of employees are drawing salaries while sitting at homes owing to the closure of the laboratories. Established in four divisional headquarters in Sindh with a hefty amount, sources said the officials concerned have failed to run the labs despite the availability of modern apparatus.
Inauthentic research trends by ‘Shahid Hameed’
In Pakistan, academic research in nearly all disciplines has no credibility as for as genuine contribution to existing knowledge is concerned. However, my observations are particularly related to the social sciences research in Pakistan. Pakistan is one among those countries that has limited number of higher education institutions especially those awarding doctoral degrees in social sciences. However, the real problem does not refer to the availability of institutions but actually the issue is more complex that is ‘non-contributing’ contribution in academic research.
Complete Story: http://pakobserver.net/2016/05/13/inauthentic-research-trends/
Fall in quality education
When degrees of Parliamentary members proved to be faked successively, and they were declared incompetent then former Prime Minister Baluchistan said degrees are degrees either fake or real. From this statement we can say that we must be thankful that education is exist either it is of quality or not.
Complete Story: http://dailypakistan.com.pk/edition2/13-May-2016/380521
A great academic institution of Lahore, MAO College
In the cluster of high quality institutes Government MAO College has a distinct place in the Indian Subcontinent because of its specific and unique traditions. Before Pakistan this institute was established by name Sanatan Dharam College
Complete Story: http://dailypakistan.com.pk/edition2/13-May-2016/380522
Educational problems and their solutions in Pakistan
Every year, changing in school curriculum has completely destroyed our education system. We should also not able to determine that whether our course will be in English or Urdu. Despite of the fact that our national language is Urdu, we like to speak English language.
Complete Story: http://dailypakistan.com.pk/edition2/13-May-2016/380524
Why always Madrasas being opposed?
Islamic Deeni Madrasas are like back bone of Pakistan, but many doubts are created about them and efforts were made to make their status questionable and controversial in the society.
Complete Story: http://dailypakistan.com.pk/edition1/13-May-2016/380529
Letters to the Editor
Rangers’ School, College Protection By ‘Bakhtiyar Phullan’
Sir: I wish to applaud Sindh Rangers for launching a new mobile application which has been designed to protect schools and colleges in Karachi. According to Sindh Rangers more than 3000 schools have already been registered under the new application named ‘Rangers School College Protection’.
Graded Pressure by ‘Naveed Ahmed Wassan’
I don’t know why people give importance to grades? The students that gain fewer marks are treated as dull. This is killing student’s capabilities and students live in stress. Examinations are just to test how far a student learned the subject. But just an exam paper cannot decide the talent, skill and place of a student.
Complete Story: http://nation.com.pk/letters/13-May-2016/graded-pressure
Students protest against teachers on boycotting classes
Mohmand Agency: The Students of Ghalanai girls’ school protested against the teachers on boycotting their classes. They said that if they protest for up gradation then they must also think about students’ future.
Daily Akhbar-e-Khyber, Peshawar, Page No.3
Only 94 percent of schools in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa have boundary walls while rest 16 percent are without
Peshawar: The Education Department of KP issued the report about the missing facilities of the province government schools. According to officials, the 36 percent schools had been without electric supply, 16 percent without boundary walls, 29 percent without drinking water and 14 percent without toilets. They said around 10,213 schools had been without electric supply, 4,473without boundary walls, 8,219 without drinking water and 3,900 without toilets in KP province.
Complete Story: Daily Khabrain, Peshawar, Page No.3
Ad-hoc Lecturers continue protest even after KP CM’s Assurance
Peshawar: Threatening to intensify protest if their services were not regularized within one week, the Ad hoc Lecturers Association continued to protest on the fifth consecutive day on Friday even after getting assurance from the chief minister about acceptance of demands. The protesting lecturers, who had been protesting for the regularization of services, outside the Peshawar Press Club, told The News that the assurances couldn’t be materialized in the last five years. “This is our third time, we postponed our protests on the assurance of Minister for Higher Education Mushtaq Ghani, but later nothing practical was done,” said general secretary of the association Saifullah.
Complete Story: Daily Subh, Peshawar, Page No.3
Daily Mashriq, Peshawar, Page No.2
KP government decides equal curriculum legislation in the province
Peshawar: The Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa Minister for Education Atif Khan admitted that the provincial government lacks the authority to monitor matters pertaining to private schools. We are trying to address the issues and problems face to the educational system. The PTI provincial government decides to equal standard and curriculum education system in the province. These views he shared here in the local Hotel consultation workshop of the private schools Association as a chief guest.
Complete Story: Daily Aaj, Peshawar, Page No.2
Efforts being made to promote Quality Health Education: KP Governor
Peshawar: The Governor Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Iqbal Zafar Jhagra Thursday said efforts are being made to promote quality in health education and research adding that Higher Education Institutions should focus on research. He said doctors should strive for the betterment of the suffering humanity and ultimate the development of the nation and advised the doctors to work hard for the betterment of the country and to serve ailing humanity .He expressed these views while addressing medical graduates, their parents and faculty members during a grand function arranged on the occasion of the 2nd convocation of Khyber Medical University, Peshawar.
Complete Story: http://peshawar.ausaf.pk/
Educational institutions have been destroyed in Balochistan: BSO
District Quetta: The Central Information Secretary BSO, Mr. Nasir Baloch said to keep Baloch nation in darkness Educational institutions of Baluchistan have been destroyed. The Educational system of Baluchistan has deteriorated and national thinking has been suppressed. The institutions have become center of corruption and students have been entangled in extremism, violence and indecency.
Complete Story: http://e.jang.com.pk/05-13-2016/quetta/page2.asp
Education is the basic need of human: Mujeeb-ur-Rehman Muhammad Hassani
District Kharan: The Provincial Minister of Sports & Culture Mr. Mujeeb-ur-Rehman Muhammad Hassani said we have to focus on immediate basis for the betterment of Education in district washuk. He said Education is the basic need of human so all Educational policies will be implemented. He distributed scholarships among poor students in new Qilli Jangiyan.
Educational emergency is limited up to statements: Ameer Muhammad
District Loralai: The President Senior Educational staff Association, Mr. Ameer Muhammad along with other cabinet members said that rulers of time and Educational officials have kept Educational emergency upto statements and dragging Education department towards swamp. The senior administrative posts are governed by junior officials and promotion cases are in halt which are the prime causes of Educational deprivation in Baluchistan.
Government has made Education department an experimental lab: GTA
District Quetta: The Government Teachers Association central Head office prince road Quetta stated in statement that Government Educational development plans are in front of public, while officials are blaming on teachers. The Government has failed in delivering text books in all schools due to which students are facing problems. Government has made Education department an experimental lab.
Complete Story: Daily Qudrat Quetta, Page No. 3
Text books should be provided to government schools: Molana Agha Muhammad
District Quetta: The central leader JUI Mr. Molana Agha Muhammad said that Educational claims of Government are baseless; Children are facing music in getting Education without text books. He said it is Government failure not to provide text books yet. He added that Educational budget of current year is also high but yet delay in providence of text books is a question mark for Government.
Complete Story: Daily Mashriq Quetta, Page No. 6
50 years old school building, students insecure
District: The Government Girls Primary School was established 50 years ago and the building never renovated after. The lives of Student have been under constant fear and their parents are worried that 50 years old building could collapse any time. The local people demanded Education Department to take quick action for reconstruction of building for smooth regular classes.
Complete Story: Daily Dunya, Multan, Page No. 8
Student arms breaks due to teacher’s torture
District Khanewal: A Teacher of Consolidate school 91\A-10R tortured the Student and broke his arm for not learning lesson. However, Student‘s Parents took him at home and unable to provide medical expenses due poverty. They have demanded justice from Chief Minister of Punjab. While Education Development Officer Education took immediate action and ordered for dismiss Head Mistress and Teacher.
Complete Story: http://dailypakistan.com.pk/E-Paper/multan/2016-05-13/page-08
Residents protest against poor school management
District Bahawalnagar: The Concerned persons of Chishtiyan Nawae Chak Murad protested against the Head Master of Government High School, for poor School arrangements and attitude. The Parents and Students are worried about Education and mismanagement of School. School Head Master forced Students to take tuition in his academy. According to School Management all is well and they showed satisfactory results in 8th and 5th class results.
Complete Story: Daily Khabrain, Multan, Page No. 14
Teachers become habitual absentees
District Rahim Yar Khan: The Mr. Gagan a Social Worker reported that the Teachers of Government Middle School Muhammad Khan have made routine to absent from School .They have appealed the Chief Minister Punjab took action against the absentees Teachers.
Complete Story: Daily Khabrain, Multan, Page No. 11
School without teacher, student education effected
District Rahim Yar Khan: The Government Middle School Muhammad Khan has been without half staff, remaining staff have routine to be irregular. The Teachers are enjoying double salaries from Government as well as private School. Parents and Students have demanded Chief Minister Punjab to recruit proper staff for proper classes and notice the absenteeism.
Complete Story: Daily Ausaf Multan, Page No. 7
P.T. Alif continues protest against Taluka Education Officer
District Thatta: The Teachers from Mirpur Sakiro continued protest on second day against the Taluka Education Officer, on not solving the problems of Time Scale, Move Over and other demands. They also alleged that Taluka Education Officer threats them during his visit of Schools.
Daily Awami Awaz, Page No. 5
Protest for deputation of teacher in school
District Umarkot: The residents of village Nihal Khan Khoso stood against unavailability of female teachers in Girls School. They demanded for deputation of Teachers in School.
Students protest on disconnection of electricity
District Khairpur Mirs: The Students of Government Model High School Arib Solangi protested against SEPCO, on disconnecting the electricity of the School.
School without building for past 30 years
District Khairpur Mirs: The Government Primary School, village Ali Abad Union Council Belharo, is running without building, for past thirty years. The students have to sit under open sky and study.
Continuous breakdown of electricity in school
District Larkana: More than thousand students have to face difficulties in attending classes, due to continuous breakdown of electricity at Government Primary School Ali Gohar Abad Larkana.
Complete Story: http://dailyjeejal.com/e-paper/2016-05-13/news/page3/1%20(4).htm
More than 25 schools closed due to Biometric system
District Qamber Shahdadkot: More than 25 Government Primary School are closed in Taluka Qaubo Saeed Khan, due to biometric verification of teachers and their deputation in other Schools.
Complete Story: Daily Ibrat, Page No. 2
Biometric attendance report issued, 5936 Teachers absent
Karachi: The Sindh Education Department has issued the report of Teacher’s Biometric attendance verification report of the last month. In first phase, 5936 Teachers remained absent from their duties; while the directives have been issued to suspend their salaries.
First year examinations end, 16 students caught
Hyderabad: The examinations of first years have ended, whereas the second year exams will end today. Only 16 students were caught while cheating in the last paper.
Primary School building starts collapsing
District Khairpur Mirs: The building of Government Primary School Ahmed Pur is completely ruined, due to not repairing since years. They students have to sit under open sky and study.
Non-Teaching staff continues protest on unpaid salaries
Sukkur: The Non-Teaching staff of College Side Sukkur continued protest rally over nonpayment of salaries, for past 54 months. They told that despite clearance of names, the Secretary Education does not issue salary.