Alif Ailaan District Education Ranking 2013 Report
Alif Ailaan has released its first Pakistan District Education Rankings report, an in-depth assessment of the state of education in the country. While the results are not heartening, they highlight specific issues in the quality of education and the availability of facilities district by district.
This ground-breaking study, conducted in association with the Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI), shows how widely education standards vary across the country.
For the report in Urdu click here.
Click to download English and Urdu summary reports.
What is the purpose of the ranking?
Bird’s eye view of the state of education in Pakistan, but with sufficient detail to be a meaningful starting point for serious debate about solutions to the education emergency
To serve as a benchmark against which the performance of politicians and providers can be assessed and tracked
Provide a baseline against which future improvement and/or deterioration can be measured.
Gives parents and communities a tool to hold their politicians and school administrators accountable; can also be used by politicians and administrators who are serious about improving education
Help to develop a competitive spirit in public-sector education, encourage transparency and professionalism
What do we hope to achieve?
A more informed debate about improving education, backed up with solid and reliable data
A system of education where performance is regularly assessed, and the results of the assessment are used to improve performance
A sense of healthy competition between areas and regions in the country which would push educators and policymakers towards reexamining what they are doing and how it can be improved.
How do the rankings work?
There are 145 districts in total, as all districts of FATA, Gilgit-Baltistan and Azad Jammu Kashmir are included. Each district is scored out of 100.
There are two rankings, an education index and a school index.
The education index measures quality of education and is based on access to education, attainment levels (surviving till 5th grade), achievement levels (reading and math ability) and gender parity.
The schools index measures the quality of infrastructure available to students, and is based on availability of electricity, running water, presence of toilets, presence of boundary walls and conditions of buildings.
Out of a maximum possible score of 100, only six districts score in the 80s and none in the 90s. There are very few districts where the education system seems to be doing its job.
Of these six districts, 4 are from the Punjab, 1 from Azad Jammu & Kashmir and 1 is Islamabad. While Islamabad and some districts of Punjab were to be expected high in the rankings it is surprising that there are no districts from Sindh.
Just 98 out of 145 districts score above 50, suggesting that performance across the country is average at best.
The overall scores for provinces, regions and territories are as follows: AJK (77.96), Punjab (68.78), G-B (67.45), KP (63.79), Sindh (51.67), FATA (47.42), Balochistan (46.70). It is worth noting that Sindh fares poorly, while AJK and G-B scores are relatively better.
The majority of districts score between 40 and 70 points.
The average score for all 145 districts is 58.53
Overall, the state of education in the country is poor.
There is need for improvement everywhere, but Balochistan, FATA and Sindh are lagging behind other regions
While school space is important to absorb increased enrollment, it appears that infrastructure is a necessary, but not a sufficient condition for improvement in education standards. (Best example is that AJK is highest in education quality, but lowest in school infrastructure quality).